Yemen expects a first batch of 2.3 million COVID-19 vaccine doses by March through the COVAX vaccine-sharing facility, and Saudi Arabia could separately finance shots for around 50 percent of the population, agencies involved have said.
Six years of war in Yemen have created what the United Nations describes as the world’s biggest humanitarian crisis. What little remains of its health system relies on foreign aid.
“The government of Yemen has applied to the COVAX initiative to cover the initial needs of 23 percent of the population of Yemen, about 14 million doses,” Philippe Duamelle, UNICEF’s representative in Yemen told Reuters.
COVAX is co-led by the GAVI alliance, which secures vaccines for poor countries, the World Health Organization, the Coalition for Epidemic Preparedness Innovations and the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF).
Yemen will receive the AstraZeneca vaccine through COVAX as this can be used in the existing cold chain infrastructure, Duamelle said.
The aim is to vaccinate 70 percent of Yemen’s population. The health ministry for Yemen’s internationally recognized government on Friday said it had applied to Saudi Arabia’s King Salman Humanitarian Aid and Relief Centre (KSRelief) for it to finance vaccines for 50 percent of the population.
KSRelief could not immediately be reached for comment.
Yemen is divided between the government temporarily based in the south and the Houthi movement that ousted it from power in the capital, Sanaa, in the north in late 2014.
The government of Yemen intends the COVAX vaccines to be distributed throughout the country, including to Houthi areas, health ministry spokesman Ali al-Walidi told Reuters.
“GAVI, WHO and UNICEF teams are in constant discussion with the government of Yemen and the authorities in the north to define the logistical arrangements and the vaccination modalities,” Duamelle said.
Houthi health authorities told Reuters they had no money or plans to buy vaccines.
Yemen’s government has reported 2,122 coronavirus cases, including 615 deaths. Houthi authorities, who control most large urban centers, have not provided figures since May when they said there were four cases and one death.
The UN and aid agencies say these official figures vastly underestimate the spread of the virus.
Confirmed cases have levelled off to a couple of new cases a day since September, and suspected cases presenting at health centers and in communities have slowed, aid agencies say, concluding that the first wave of the epidemic has passed.