The UN Security Council adopted a statement Friday calling on parties in Somalia “to reject violence and resume dialogue as a matter of urgency and without precondition,” underscoring its concern over the country’s political crisis.
“The members of the Security Council expressed their deep concern about the continued political impasse and disagreement among Somalia’s political leaders on the model for elections,” the document said.
The Security Council on March 31, following an urgent meeting, had called on Somali authorities to resolve the dispute over the electoral process.
The legal authority of President Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed, better known as Farmajo, has been in doubt since February when his four-year term expired before fresh presidential elections were held.
A bill earlier this month extending his mandate by two years bypassed the Senate after being adopted by the lower house of parliament.
Opposition parties decried the move as an unconstitutional bid to cling to power, and the law was criticized by the international community.
The president and leaders of Somalia’s five semi-autonomous federal states had reached an agreement in September that paved the way for indirect parliamentary and presidential elections in late 2020 and early 2021.
But it fell apart as squabbles erupted over how to conduct the vote, and multiple rounds of talks have failed to break the impasse.
The new law paves the way for a one-person, one-vote election in 2023 — the first such direct poll since 1969 — which Somalis have been promised for years and no government has managed to deliver.
The Security Council statement added that the political impasse is also “diverting attention from pressing problems such as floods, drought, desert locusts, the COVID-19 pandemic, and combatting the terrorist threat of Al-Shabaab.”