Turkey’s lira approached a record low against the euro on Monday, driven by state interventions that have tied it to the dollar and also concerns that the European Union could sanction Ankara over Mediterranean drilling plans.
The currency has fallen about 7 percent against the euro in two months even as it has virtually flat-lined against the US currency. Turkey’s central bank and state banks have sold tens of billions of dollars to stabilize the US exchange rate, according to data and sources.
But with the euro rising to its strongest level against the dollar in nearly two years, the lira has slipped with the greenback and stood at 8.0488 against the euro by 1219 GMT, weakening from a close of 7.9733 on Friday.
Earlier the lira was at 8.0556, its weakest since the height of Turkey’s currency crisis in August 2018 when it touched 8.2029.
FX traders have increasingly raised concerns over Ankara’s efforts to explore for oil and gas in the eastern Mediterranean, which has angered Greece and Cyprus.
EU foreign ministers have agreed to bulk up the existing sanctions framework on Turkey’s drilling, and French President Emmanuel Macron has demanded action against what he termed Turkish “violations.” He added the bloc should also impose sanctions over Ankara’s military involvement in Libya.
“Even if sanctions were limited in scope, the threat of more action and the damning signal it would send about Turkey-EU relations would cause capital inflows to dry up and the lira to fall,” said Liam Peach, economist at Capital Economics.
Yet on Monday Spain’s foreign minister said talks with her counterpart in Ankara helped to de-escalate the simmering EU-Turkish tensions, adding a possible one-month exploration pause was discussed.
Relations between Paris and Ankara, two NATO allies, have frayed badly in recent weeks, with France repeatedly blaming Turkey for destabilizing Libya. Turkish military support has helped the internationally-recognized government in Tripoli turn back a year-long assault by eastern-based forces.