Several thousand combatants have been killed in Ethiopia’s embattled Tigray region, an official with the fugitive regional government is asserting, although claims remain difficult to verify after a month of fighting between Ethiopian and regional forces.
Getachew Reda, a senior adviser to the Tigray leader, in an interview with Tigray TV aired Thursday urged young people and others in the region to “rise and deploy to battle in tens of thousands.” His call came days after Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed over the weekend declared victory in a power struggle that exploded between his government and the heavily armed regional one that once dominated Ethiopia’s ruling coalition.
The fighting continues in some areas, and with the leaders of the Tigray People’s Liberation Front on the run in rugged territory, fears remain of a drawn-out conflict. But with communications and transport links still largely severed to the region of 6 million people, it’s difficult to know the situation on the ground, including the extent of popular support for the TPLF and the number of people killed.
“Our capacity to resist ultimately depends on the support we get from our people,” Getachew said. “It is possible to have the scenario where we stop everything and turn all the people into soldiers.”
He didn’t say how many people are actively fighting but said “our army is doing amazing things with limited numbers,” and he claimed there had been tens of thousands of deaths among Ethiopian forces and those from neighboring Eritrea, which the TPLF insists is also involved. Ethiopia’s government denies that.
Getachew also acknowledged casualties on the TPLF side but didn’t say how many.
Ethiopian forces over the weekend announced they had “full control” of the Tigray capital, Mekele, a city of a half-million people. Getachew said their side had made a “strategic withdrawal” from the city to minimize destruction.
International patience is wearing thin as Abiy’s government resists dialog with the regional government it regards as illegal and as hunger grows in the cut-off Tigray region.
″This has been going on for too long,” Janez Lenarcic, the European Union commissioner for crisis management, said Friday while visiting Ethiopian refugees who have fled into Sudan.
“There will be no military solution to this issue, which is primarily a political one. So I call upon the Ethiopian authorities and all others involved, all others, to stop violence, leave the communication blockade (and) let humanitarians do their work wherever they need to do it.″
Ethiopian government spokesman Redwan Hussein didn’t immediately respond to a question about the current estimated death toll in the conflict. The prime minister this week claimed no civilian has been killed.
It is not clear how many people were killed as Ethiopian forces moved in on Mekele, but the International Committee of the Red Cross over the weekend said the city’s largest hospital had run out of body bags and staff suspended other services to focus on the wounded.
Among the dead are at least five humanitarian workers, but few details have been released. And the UN says more than 100 aid workers are reportedly still unaccounted for.
“We are extremely concerned about the reports” of aid workers killed, UN humanitarian spokesman Saviano Abreu said. “We have hundreds of colleagues still on the ground.”
The ongoing fighting complicates efforts to follow up on the breakthrough this week on humanitarian aid, which has been blocked to the Tigray region since the fighting began. The UN said it and Ethiopia’s government signed a deal to allow unimpeded aid access, at least to parts of the Tigray region now under federal government control.
But that access has not yet begun, UN officials told reporters Friday in Geneva, meaning that desperately needed food, medicines and other supplies are still waiting outside the Tigray borders.
“There are still operational issues of a logistical nature, some of a security nature, that are being worked out,” UN humanitarian spokesman Jens Laerke said. “Our hope is as soon as feasible.”
Assessment missions must be carried out first, UN refugee spokesman Babar Baloch said.
The humanitarian crisis is sprawling. An estimated 1 million people have been displaced, including more than 47,000 who have fled into Sudan, though Sudanese forces on Thursday said Ethiopian forces blocked people from crossing the border at its busiest point.
And the fate of some 96,000 refugees from Eritrea who had been sheltering in camps close to the Eritrean border is still unknown amid reports that some were caught in the line of fire and others abducted. Meanwhile, food supplies for them have run out.
Baloch noted “disturbing reports around Eritrean refugee camps in the region which remain incommunicado.” He added that “our fears are that many Eritrean refugees may have fled the camps in search of safety.”
The Ethiopian refugees in Sudan “say they are fearful of more violence inside the (Tigray) region,” he added.