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Russia, China, Pakistan, and the United States are working together to ensure Afghanistan’s new Taliban rulers keep their promises, especially to form a genuinely representative government and prevent violence from spreading, Russia’s foreign minister said.

Sergey Lavrov said the four countries are in ongoing contact. He said representatives from Russia, China, and Pakistan recently travelled to Qatar and then to Afghanistan’s capital, Kabul, to engage with the Taliban and representatives of “secular authorities” — former President Hamid Karzai and Abdullah Abdullah, who headed the deposed government’s negotiating council with the Taliban.

Lavrov said the interim government announced by the Taliban does not reflect “the whole gamut of Afghan society — ethnoreligious and political forces — so we are engaging in contacts. They are ongoing.”

The Taliban has promised an inclusive government, a more moderate form of Islamic rule than when they last governed the country from 1996 to 2001, including respecting women’s rights, providing stability after 20 years of war, fighting “terrorism and extremism”, and stopping armed groups from using their territory to launch attacks.

But recent moves suggest the armed group may be returning to more repressive policies, particularly towards women and girls.

“What’s most important … is to ensure that the promises that they have proclaimed publicly to be kept,” Lavrov said. “And for us, that is the top priority.”

At a wide-ranging news conference and in his speech afterwards at the UN General Assembly (UNGA), Lavrov criticised the Joe Biden administration for its hasty withdrawal from Afghanistan.

He said the US and NATO pullout “was carried out without any consideration of the consequences … that there are many weapons left in Afghanistan”. It remains critical, he said, that such weapons are not used for “destructive purposes”.

Later, in his assembly speech, Lavrov accused the US and its Western allies of “persistent attempts to diminish the UN’s role in resolving the key problems of today or to sideline it or to make it a malleable tool for promoting someone’s selfish interests”.

As examples, Lavrov said, Germany and France recently announced the creation of an Alliance For Multilateralism “even though what kind of structure could be more multilateral than the United Nations”.

‘Tension tightening’

The US is also sidestepping the UN, he said, pointing to the recent announcement of a “Summit for Democracy” despite, Lavrov said, President Biden’s pledge last week “that the US is not seeking a world divided into opposing blocs”.

“It goes without saying that Washington is going to choose the participants by itself, thus hijacking the right to decide to what degree a country meets the standards of democracy,” Lavrov said. “Essentially, this initiative is quite in the spirit of a Cold War, as it declares a new ideological crusade against all dissenters.”

Lavrov was asked for Russia’s reaction to UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres’s warning last week that the world could be plunged into a new Cold War – potentially more dangerous than the lengthy one between the US and the former Soviet Union – unless Washington and Beijing repair their “totally dysfunctional” relationship.

He replied: “Of course, we see the tension tightening in relations between China and the United States.”

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