Two South Korean technology companies are borrowing from mobile gaming to shake up – and dominate – Japan’s storied manga industry, a plot twist that has expanded the comics’ fanbase to a new generation of readers.
Backed by tech giants Kakao Corp and Naver Corp, Piccoma and Line Manga have become Japan’s highest-grossing mobile apps outside games. Such online manga platforms have seen a surge in popularity during the COVID-19 pandemic.
Piccoma’s third-quarter transaction volumes more than tripled year-on-year to 11.6 billion yen ($110m), extending a wave of online manga sales that has already seen digital surpass print in Japan’s $5bn manga industry.
Line Manga, now operated by SoftBank’s internet business Z Holdings, saw transaction volumes jump by a third to 8.2 billion yen ($76.9m) in the same period. Naver declined an interview request.
Piccoma passed Line Manga to become last year’s top-grossing manga app on both Apple’s iOS and Android. Its rise can be traced back to 2016 when it introduced a revenue model it calls “zero yen if you wait”.
Inspired by smartphone games in which playing is free but extra content is not, the approach marked a radical departure from the typical model of selling an entire manga volume upfront at prices of $4-$6.
“We thought if we could grab 5 percent or 10 percent of the bigger games market it would drive growth,” said Yukiko Sugiyama, senior manager in Kakao Japan’s business strategy department.
Readers, eager to find out what happens next, often end up paying. The business model has become standard as dozens of booksellers, tech companies and publishers rushed to offer their own apps.
Paper sales collapse
Megumi, a 34-year-old office worker in western Japan, said she reads 20 pages or so of manga on her phone during her lunch break, and turned to the two apps when stuck at home taking care of kids during last year’s pandemic state of emergency.
She became “addicted” to and paid for a hit Line Manga series, True Beauty, about a young woman whose makeup skills make her popular with men.
The strip originated in Korea, where the rise of the internet saw paper sales collapse, replaced by smartphone-optimised comics.
Manga apps offer a vast back catalogue of titles and exclusive strips.
“You can read manga carrying just your smartphone – it’s handy,” said Kana Misaki, a 36-year-old care worker living near Tokyo who reads manga “overwhelmingly” via apps.