Israel’s Bennett urges hard line against Iran at nuclear talks

Israel has been watching with concern as world powers sit down with Iran in Vienna in hopes of restoring the tattered 2015 deal. Last week, Iran struck a hard line as talks resumed, suggesting everything discussed in previous rounds of diplomacy could be renegotiated.

Continued Iranian advances in its atomic programme have further raised the stakes.

“I call on every country negotiating with Iran in Vienna to take a strong line and make it clear to Iran that they cannot enrich uranium and negotiate at the same time,” Bennett told his cabinet on Sunday.

“Iran must begin to pay a price for its violations.”

US blunder

The original deal, spearheaded by then-President Barack Obama, gave Iran much-needed relief from crippling economic sanctions in exchange for curbs on its nuclear activities. But then-President Donald Trump, with strong encouragement from Israel, withdrew from the deal in 2018, causing it to unravel.

Last week’s talks in Vienna resumed after a more than five-month hiatus and were the first in which Iran’s new hardline government participated.

European and American negotiators expressed disappointment with Iran’s positions and questioned whether the talks would succeed.

Israel has long opposed the 2015 nuclear deal with Iran, known as the JCPOA, saying it did not go far enough to halt the country’s nuclear programme and does not address what it sees as hostile Iranian military activity across the region.

Prominent voices in Israel are now indicating the US withdrawal, especially without a contingency plan for Iran’s continuously developing nuclear plan, was a blunder.

But Israel’s new government has maintained a similar position to that of former Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, rejecting a return to the original deal and calling for diplomacy to be accompanied by military pressure on Iran.

‘Maximum pressure’ sanctions

After the deal’s collapse, Iran stepped up its nuclear activities. Iran now enriches small amounts of uranium up to 60 percent purity – a short step from weapons-grade levels of 90 percent. Iran also spins advanced centrifuges barred by the accord, and its uranium stockpile now far exceeds the deal’s limits.

For now, Iran has shown no signs of backing down. Its chief negotiator, Deputy Foreign Minister Ali Bagheri Kani, suggested this the weekend that Iran plans to give a third list of demands to his counterparts. These would include proposed reparations after two pages worth of demands last week.

While Iran’s new President Ebrahim Raisi campaigned on getting sanctions lifted, there has been a sense that his negotiators now are waging their own maximum-pressure campaign.

Last week, the UN’s nuclear watchdog confirmed Iran began enriching uranium up to 20 percent purity at its underground facility at Fordow, as site that the deal had banned from conducting any enrichment.

Also during the weekend, Iran said it tested a surface-to-air missile defence system near its Natanz nuclear facility. Late on Saturday, people living nearby saw a light in the sky and heard a loud explosion.

“Any threat from the enemies will be met with a decisive and firm response,” state TV quoted Lieutenant-Commander Ali Moazeni as saying.

President Joe Biden has said the United States is willing to re-enter the deal, though the US was not a direct participant in the latest round of talks because of Washington’s withdrawal. Instead, US negotiators were in a nearby location and briefed by the other participants – including three European powers, China and Russia.

Although Israel was also not a party to the negotiations, it has made a point of keeping up lines of communication with its American and European allies during the talks, which are set to resume this week.

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