Senior diplomats from Iran and major powers are meeting online to discuss the state of their nuclear deal that is eroding despite conciliatory signals from United States President-elect Joe Biden.
Wednesday’s consultations are meant to prepare upcoming talks among foreign ministers from Iran, the United Kingdom, France, Germany, Russia and China, according to diplomats.
The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCP0A), commonly known as the Iran nuclear deal, was agreed upon in Vienna on July 14, 2015, between Iran and the five permanent members of the UN Security Council – China, France, Russia, the UK and US – plus Germany, together with the European Union.
US President Donald Trump pulled out of the pact and revived US sanctions in 2018. One year later, Iran started abandoning key provisions of the deal.
Iran currently has far more enriched uranium than allowed under the agreement that was reached in 2015, and has plans to install advanced equipment that could speed up this process, the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) in Vienna said in two recent reports.
The nuclear deal is meant to prevent Iran from amassing uranium that could be used for nuclear weapons. In return, the major powers promised to end Iran’s economic isolation by lifting sanctions.