On August 5, 2019, India stripped Indian-administered Kashmir of its limited autonomy saying the unprecedented move was meant to integrate the Muslim-majority region into India to bring “development” and end violence.
For six months, the Himalayan region faced an internet blackout and security lockdown that adversely affected the Kashmir Valley’s nearly eight million people. Thousands of politicians and activists were jailed, some of whom have since been released.
The region’s economy was devastated while schools and colleges were shut, many of them emptied out to accommodate Indian soldiers.
Activists have accused Indian authorities of using draconian laws to stifle dissent and committing human rights abuses against Kashmiris.
One year on, there is palpable anger against the government’s move to abrogate Article 370 of the constitution that granted the Muslim-majority region a measure of autonomy.
But the spokesperson of the governing Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) in Indian-administered Kashmir, Ashok Koul, refuted such allegations and said Article 370 was removed to “bring progress and development in Kashmir”.
Al Jazeera profiles five Kashmiris whose lives have been adversely affected by last year’s decision.