The presidential race is not the only one on Election Day ballots across the United States.
In addition to voting for their new president, Americans will also choose candidates in various federal, state and local elections.
Among the federal races are elections for the US House of Representatives and Senate, the two houses that make up the federal legislature known as the US Congress.
The US House of Representatives
Voters across 50 states will be electing legislators for the House of Representatives. There are 435 seats in total and each seat is up for election every two years.
This year’s legislative elections are even more important than usual because they are the last before a new round of redistricting based on the results of the 2020 Census. Each state’s allocated number of House members is determined by its population, so if a state loses or gains residents in the new Census, they stand to lose or gain seats in the House.
The US Senate
There also 35 Senate seats up for grabs this year, roughly one-third of the 100-seat body. Around a dozen of those 35 are competitive seats and each is extremely important as Republican control of the chamber is at stake. Currently, the Republicans have a 53-47 advantage. If the Democrats can gain four seats, they will guarantee a takeover of the Senate majority.
The most important non-federal elections this year will choose governors who run the executive branches of each individual state government.
Voters in 11 states and two territories, Puerto Rico and American Samoa, will elect governors this Election Day.