Archaeologists Use 3D to Reconstruct Face of a Man Who Lived 500 Years Ago

Archaeologists Use 3D to Reconstruct Face of a Man Who Lived 500 Years Ago

He may have been a merchant or a craftsman, but one thing is sure is that experts now know what a man looked like when he walked the Earth during the 16th century.

Archaeologists located a lost medieval village in Poland six years ago, which was home to a massive graveyard filled with more than 100 skeletons.

Several unusual discoveries were made in the cemetery, one being a coffin filled with lime, but the skeleton of a man around 35 to 44 years old caught the teams’ attention.

Using 3D technology, researchers scanned the man’s skull that showed signs of malocclusion and reconstructed his face showing a large forehead, pointy nose and an anterior bite.

The mystery man, along with the lost city, was found near Niedźwiedziny village in the Wielkopolska region, in western Poland, The First News reports.

However, the location was originally known as Dzwonowo and has missing until 2016.

The city was discovered drones and plant formations, allowing the team to pinpoint the location of the city only talked about in literature – the first mention of the town was in the early 14th century.

During the first week of excavations, archaeologists examined 21 graves, one of the skeletons was found to have a coin in the mouth known as a Sigismund III Vasa penny, which allowed scientists to determine the time of burial was the first half of the seventeenth century.

The Dzwonowo cemetery was connected to the St. Michael church that once stood in the town, but had been demolished some 250 years ago.

The graveyard showed the remains were buried as layers, suggesting it had been a cemetery for quite some time.

From all the skeletons, the team picked one that belonged to a man 500 years ago to undergo facial reconstruction.

The skull showed signs of malocclusion, which is when there is an abnormal alignment of the upper and lower teeth – something that may occur as a child due to thumb sucking.

The skull was first scanned to create a 3D model in order to print a replica, which was then covered in clay and sculpted to reveal facial features.

Archaeologist Marcin Krzepkowski, who located the city, told The First News: ‘Who was the deceased? I have no idea. We can only guess he was a merchant or a craftsman. He was almost certainly a resident of medieval Dzwonowo.’

The lost city of Dzwonowo also contained thousands of artifacts what were uncovered in cellars of the now gone homes.

One of the most valuable is a denarius of Władysław the Short from the years 1312-1333 – according to Krzepkowski, it is the fifth such known coin. Combs, sharpening stones, iron knives and fire strikers, ornate bourgeois and knight’s belt fittings were also discovered during the excavation.

‘Discovered artefacts indicate the rich material culture of the townspeople’ – said the researcher.

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