Rights group Amnesty International has urged Sri Lanka to drop charges against two protest leaders imprisoned for more than three months following the anti-government demonstrations that engulfed the island nation earlier this year.
Amnesty also renewed its call for Sri Lanka to repeal the harsh, civil war-era Prevention of Terrorism Act (PTA) under which the two protest leaders are being held.
Wasantha Mudalige and Galwewa Siridhamma, both university student leaders, were arrested in August and have been jailed for more than 90 days under the PTA.
Thyagi Ruwanpathirana, Amnesty International’s South Asia regional researcher, urged the government to drop the “baseless terror charges” against the two leaders and not extend their detention.
For years, opposition legislators, trade unions and civil rights activists have been urging the government to abolish the PTA. It was amended in March, but opponents called the reforms cosmetic and said the law still allows the imprisonment of suspects without warrants and the use of confessions obtained through torture.
Critics say the law, introduced before Sri Lanka’s civil war era in 1979, has been widely abused, causing a large number of innocent people to spend years in prison without trial.
Sri Lankans protested for months earlier this year over the economic crisis, which has led to severe shortages of many essential imported items such as medicines, fuel and cooking gas. Thousands stormed the president’s residence in July, forcing then-President Gotabaya Rajapaksa to flee and later resign.
The protesters also occupied other key government buildings, including the offices of the president and prime minister.
The country’s new president, Ranil Wickremesinghe, cracked down on opposition, removing the protesters from government buildings. Dozens of protest leaders and activists have been arrested, with some later released.
Rights groups say the military has sought to curtail protests through intimidation, surveillance and arbitrary arrests since Wickremesinghe took office in July.
The months of protests earlier this year dismantled the powerful Rajapaksa family’s grip on politics. Before Rajapaksa resigned, his older brother stepped down as prime minister and three other family members quit their cabinet positions.
Wickremesinghe was elected by parliament to complete Rajapaksa’s term, which ends in 2024. He is unpopular because he is supported by politicians still backed by the Rajapaksa family, which ruled Sri Lanka for most of the past two decades.
Many accuse Wickremesinghe of protecting the Rajapaksas, who are widely blamed for corruption and misrule that led to the crisis.
Sri Lanka is effectively bankrupt and has suspended repayment of nearly $7bn in foreign debt due this year pending the outcome of talks with the International Monetary Fund on an economic rescue package. The country’s total foreign debt exceeds $51bn, of which $28bn has to be repaid by 2027.